Because this is a small space, we chose to make our ledges a little more narrow than Carissa's. To make each of these, we used 1x3's for the back and bottom of each ledge and 1x2's for the front. The shelves are made from red oak and are about 5 feet long. I painted each board white before we built them and then put a final coat on each ledge after it was on the wall. Here is a good look at the shelves from the side. We nailed our ledges together and then screwed the finished product directly into the studs in the wall.